Petra: Jordan

  • On the edge of the Arabian Desert, Petra was the glittering capital of the Nabataean empire of King Aretas IV (9 B.C. to 40 A.D.).
  • Masters of water technology, the Nabataeans provided their city with great tunnel constructions and water chambers.
  • A theater, modelled on Greek-Roman prototypes, had space for an audience of 4,000.
  • Today, the Palace Tombs of Petra, with the 42-meter-high Hellenistic temple facade on the El-Deir Monastery, are impressive examples of Middle Eastern culture.